The 10 genetically modified crops available today are: alfalfa, apples, canola, corn (field and sweet), cotton, papaya, potatoes, soybeans, squash and sugar beets. The efforts to genetically modify these crops focus on expressing positive traits that support quality of the crop and improving resistance to certain concerns, such as insects.
Below is a list outlining the year in which the 10 crops that are currently commercially available were launched:
- Squash, 1995
- Cotton, 1996
- Soybean, 1995
- Corn, 1996
- Papaya, 1997
- Alfalfa, 2006
- Sugar beets, 2006
- Canola, 1999
- Potato, 2016
- Apples, 2017
The list below identifies the genetic traits expressed and uses of the 10 GMO crops approved in the U.S.
These 10 crops are the only GMOs that are approved in the U.S. Many of these crops are used as processed ingredients, like sugar or cornstarch, in food products you may find in your local grocery store. Only some varieties of papaya, potatoes, squash, sweet corn and apples may be available in your store’s produce aisle.
You can find out more about GMOs in the Grocery Store here.